Caspar Bienemann

Jan­u­a­ry 3, 1540, Nuremburg, Germany.

Sep­tem­ber 12, 1591, Altenburg, Germany.


Kasper was the son of Con­rad Bie­ne­mann, a bur­gess of Nur­em­burg. He was educated at Je­na and Tü­bing­en.

After completing his studies, he was sent by Emperor Max­i­mili­an II with an embassy to Greece as an interpreter. In Greece, he assumed the name Mel­is­san­der (a Greek translation of his German name), by which he is frequently known.

After his return, he was appointed a professor at Lau­ing­en, Ba­var­ia, and then at Abt at Bahr (Lahr?), and General Superintendent of Pfalz Neu­burg, but on the outbreak of the Syn­er­gis­tic Con­tro­ver­sy, he had to resign his post.

In 1571, he received a DD degree from the Un­i­ver­si­ty of Je­na, and in the same year Duke Jo­hann Wil­helm of Sach­sen Wei­mar made him tutor to crown prince Fried­rich Wil­helm.

However, on the death of the Duke in 1573, Elector Au­gust of Sax­o­ny assumed the Regency, and the Cal­vin­is­tic party gained ascendancy and succeeded in displacing Bie­ne­mann and other Lu­ther­an pastors in the Du­chy.

Finally, in 1578, he was appointed pastor and General Superintendent at Al­ten­burg.

  1. Herr, wie dull willst, so schick’s mit mir