May 17, 1788, Princes Street, Spitalfields, London, England.
August 18, 1863, Liverpool, England.
Necropolis, Liverpool, England.
Thomas was the son of W. Raffles, a solicitor.
He became a clerk in Doctors’ Commons in 1803, but quit shortly afterward. Through the influence of William Collyer, to whose church at he belonged, Raffles entered Homerton College, Cambridge, in 1805.
He began his ministry at Hammersmith, where he was ordained as a Congregational minister on June 22, 1809. In 1812, he moved to Liverpool, where he succeeded Rev. T. Spencer and served as pastor of the Great George Street Congregational Church for 49 years
For half a century, he was one of the most influential Congregational ministers, and helped found the Lancashire Independent College. He received an LLD degree from the University of Aberdeen in December 1820, and a DD degree from Union College, Connecticut, in July 1830. His works include: