May 17, 1788, Princes Street, Spitalfields, London, Eng­land.

August 18, 1863, Liverpool, Eng­land.

Necropolis, Liverpool, Eng­land.


Thomas was the son of W. Raf­fles, a solicitor.

He became a clerk in Doctors’ Commons in 1803, but quit shortly afterward. Through the influence of Will­iam Coll­yer, to whose church at he belonged, Raffles entered Ho­mer­ton College, Cam­bridge, in 1805.

He began his ministry at Ham­mer­smith, where he was or­dained as a Con­gre­ga­tion­al minister on June 22, 1809. In 1812, he moved to Liv­er­pool, where he succeeded Rev. T. Spen­cer and served as pastor of the Great George Street Con­gre­ga­tion­al Church for 49 years

For half a century, he was one of the most influential Con­gre­ga­tion­al ministers, and helped found the Lan­ca­shire Independent College. He received an LLD degree from the Un­i­ver­si­ty of Aberd­een in December 1820, and a DD degree from Union College, Con­nec­ti­cut, in July 1830. His works in­clude:

  1. Blest Hour, When Mortal Man Retires
  2. Cause of All Causes, and the Source
  3. Come, Heavenly Peace of Mind
  4. Cup Which My Father Hath Given, The
  5. Eternal Father, Throned Above
  6. Father of Mercies, God of Love
  7. Go, Preach the Gospel to the Poor
  8. High in Yonder Realms of Light
  9. Lord, Like the Pub­li­can I Stand
  10. No Night Shall Be in Heaven
  11. O God of Families, We Own
  12. Rapid Flows the Stream of Time
  13. Savior, Let Thy Sanction Rest
  14. Sovereign Ruler, Lord of All
  15. Thou Art My Hiding Place, O Lord
  16. What Is Life? A Rapid Stream